History Week 7. Three Cultural Updates

Three Cultural updates

Introduction 

In this history essay, I discuss three cultural events that took place in the late 18th century. These three events are The Storming of the Bastille (1789), the death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1791) and the Treaty of Greenville (1795) which ended the Northwest Indian War. The essay is divided into three sections, each discussing one of the cultural updates. There is also a conclusion at the end of the essay to sum up the content of the essay and to wrap up.

The Storming of the Bastille

By 1789, the country of France had incurred large debts which had mainly come from fighting costly wars with the British. To clear these debts, King Louis XVI of France decided to put higher taxes on the people. But nobody expected what would happen next. The French people were already poor because of the existing taxes, so when they saw that the rich nobility were trying to impose higher taxes on them, they rebelled. This started with the storming of the Bastille, a government prison in Paris. 

On July 14, 1789, crowds of armed French peasantry surrounded the Bastille Prison and a terrible fight with the prison garrison ensued. After hours of fighting, the Bastille fell and the inmates of the prison were released. This signalled the start of The French Revolution, a long and bloody conflict where the republic of France was established and the monarchy of France overthrown.

Death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

On the 5th of December, 1791, the famous classical composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart died. Mozart was well known in his time, but his works have become increasingly famous after his death. Mozart was gifted with the ability to learn to play the piano at a very young age, which influenced his skill later in his life. He composed before European royalty when he was only five years old, which definitely shows just how skilled he was. 

In his lifetime Mozart composed more than six hundred works, making a profound influence in western music. Unfortunately, Mozart fell ill in the September of 1791 and died a month later from health complications. Mozart has gone down in history as one of the greatest composers of classical music and his works live on as great masterpieces, down to this day. 

Treaty of Greenville

The treaty of Greenville was a treaty made by the US with the Wyandot and Delaware Indians in 1795, to end the Northwest Indian War. The war started over land disputes with the Native Indians in the northwest territory in modern day Ohio and Indiana. Years before the war, a large chunk of the northwestern territory was owned by the Native Indians. But after the American War for Independence, America encouraged expansion into the Indian territories.  So when American settlers started to encroach on the northwestern territory, a war broke out.

From 1785 to 1795 a bloody war between the Indians and the American military took place. The war ended in 1795 with the Greenville treaty, which established a border line that took away most of the Indian territory and left just a small portion of land for the Indians. This treaty was later broken by the US and is one of many examples of the greed of settlers and the injustice that the US harboured against the native Indians.

Conclusion

To sum up the essay content, we talked on three cultural events that took place in the late 18th century. The first was The Storming of the Bastille in 1789, which marked the start of the French revolution. The second event was the death of the famous composer Mozart in 1791, and the third event was the Treaty of Greenville in 1795, which marked the end of the Northwest Indian War. The fact that all these events happened in the same time period, shows just how rich history is and how much we can learn

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