History 8. SE Asia and Oceania

Southeast Asia and Oceania.


This essay will be on the developments in Southeast Asia and Oceania from 500 AD to 1750 AD. The essay will be split into three main parts, the introduction, the main body of the essay and the resolution

Around 500 AD, while tumult reigned in the west, following the consequences of the collapse of the once-mighty Roman Empire, little happened in the Southeast fringes of the world. It would take over a millennia for people in Europe to discover the exotic islands of the Pacific Ocean. From 500-1000 AD, there were no great changes in the southeast edges of Asia, meaning the Siam peninsula, Indonesia and the Philippines. The Srvijaya Empire, managed to grab a few slithers of the Siam peninsula, (which was mainly inhabited by small kingdoms) and some parts of Malaysia. 

But for the most part, there was no great, dominating Empire, such as the Roman empire. Instead, there were small people groups, such as the Aborigines, who inhabited different islands. The same can be said for Oceania as there were really only a few small communities of farmers and hunters spread around some ten thousand Islands. The famous Maori started their communities in New Zealand, while The aborigines were dominant in Australia. Then, from 1000 to 1750, things started to change. 

When Columbus sailed to the new world in 1492, a whole new exploration era was launched. People in Europe started to take a new interest in the world around them and although many were focused on the americas, others wondered about the rest of the world. Britain, France, Spain, Portugal and the Netherlands were the leading colonisers, as each country became more powerfully dominant through overseas colonies. It was did not take a long time for the europeans to travel to SE Asia and Oceania. Britain soon had colonies on New Zealand and Australia, while the Spanish settled for the Philippines and the Dutch for some smaller islands. 

By 1750, most of the earlier tribes and kingdoms had disappeared under the massive wave of colonisation, which in a way upgraded the islands to more modern civilisations.  


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